User Tools

Site Tools


wiki:protection_of_areas_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_in_the_alps

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

wiki:protection_of_areas_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_in_the_alps [2018/07/11 14:43]
eurac created
wiki:protection_of_areas_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_in_the_alps [2018/07/11 15:18] (current)
eurac
Line 1: Line 1:
-====== Protection against avalanches, mudslides and rockfalls ======+====== Protection against avalanches, mudslides and rockfalls ​in the Alps ======
  
 \\ \\
Line 6: Line 6:
 that fully meet Brang et al’s requirements are considered, in other words, object protecting forests. Finally, calculations are performed to determine exactly how much area of human infrastructure exists in danger zones, and thus requires some form of protection (whether or not it comes from forests). As climatic changes continue to ripple through the Alps, it is necessary for decision-makers to understand trends in these natural hazards and the role of forests in their mitigation. In this indicator set, only protection against avalanches and rockfalls, but not mudslides, was modeled. This is due to the complexity of this natural process, and the lack of suitable datasets for its modeling. that fully meet Brang et al’s requirements are considered, in other words, object protecting forests. Finally, calculations are performed to determine exactly how much area of human infrastructure exists in danger zones, and thus requires some form of protection (whether or not it comes from forests). As climatic changes continue to ripple through the Alps, it is necessary for decision-makers to understand trends in these natural hazards and the role of forests in their mitigation. In this indicator set, only protection against avalanches and rockfalls, but not mudslides, was modeled. This is due to the complexity of this natural process, and the lack of suitable datasets for its modeling.
  
-====   ​Supply ​  ​====+==== Supply ====
  
 {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_supply.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}} {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_supply.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}}
Line 14: Line 14:
 Protection forests are one of the most inexpensive and environmentally friendly mitigation approaches for natural hazards such as avalanches, rockfalls and mudslides. In fact, forests are cheap and self-sustaining,​ they require little or no management and they do not disrupt the landscape, unlike artificial barriers and protection systems.The map shows that the protection forest coverage is highest in the Alpine mountain range. This is explained by the very definition of protection forest, as those are the areas with the highest potential for gravitational hazards and mass movements, due to the slope of the terrain. Flat areas have a very limited potential for such types of natural threats, and therefore have little to no protection forest cover. Even in areas where there is no human infrastructure to protect, protection forests can be beneficial to counteract soil erosion, soften the impact of rain and reduce run off by water, thus contributing to the preservation of an intact and functional ecosystem. Protection forests are one of the most inexpensive and environmentally friendly mitigation approaches for natural hazards such as avalanches, rockfalls and mudslides. In fact, forests are cheap and self-sustaining,​ they require little or no management and they do not disrupt the landscape, unlike artificial barriers and protection systems.The map shows that the protection forest coverage is highest in the Alpine mountain range. This is explained by the very definition of protection forest, as those are the areas with the highest potential for gravitational hazards and mass movements, due to the slope of the terrain. Flat areas have a very limited potential for such types of natural threats, and therefore have little to no protection forest cover. Even in areas where there is no human infrastructure to protect, protection forests can be beneficial to counteract soil erosion, soften the impact of rain and reduce run off by water, thus contributing to the preservation of an intact and functional ecosystem.
  
-====   ​Flow   ​====+==== Flow ====
  
 {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_flow.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}} {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_flow.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}}
Line 26: Line 26:
 ====   ==== ====   ====
  
-====   ​Demand ​  ​====+==== Demand ====
  
 {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_demand.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}} {{:​en:​protection_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_demand.jpg?​nolink&​500x354}}
wiki/protection_of_areas_against_avalanches_mudslides_and_rockfalls_in_the_alps.txt · Last modified: 2018/07/11 15:18 by eurac