“According to the European Landscape convention, “landscape means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors”.
The CEMAT Guiding Principles indicate that “Europe is composed of a plurality of landscapes. They are a significant part of European heritage and a witness if the past and present relationships between man and his natural and built environments. Developments in production techniques in agriculture, forestry and industry and changes in town planning, transport, other types of infrastructure, tourism and leisure time behaviour are accelerating the transformation of European landscapes and can also have a negative impact on their quality and use. This not only concerns valuable natural landscapes, but also applies generally to all types of cultural landscapes, especially those that are an essential component of the urban environment.”
Source: CEMAT Spatial Development Glossary
“Measures aiming at preserving landscape or controlling its transformations caused by anthropic activities or natural events.”
Source: EIONET: GEMET Thesaurus