Trade-offs of ES
ES trade-offs arise from management choices made by humans. Such choices can change the type, magnitude, and relative mix of ES provided by an ecosystem. Trade-offs occur when the provision of one ES is reduced as a consequence of increased use of another ES. In some cases, a trade-off may be an explicit choice, in others, trade-offs arise unnoticed (Rodríguez et al. 2006) 1).
Rodríguez, J. P.; Beard, J. T. D.; Bennett, E. M.; Cumming, G. S.; Cork, S. J.; Agard, J., et al. (2006): Trade-offs across Space, Time, and Ecosystem Services. In: Ecology and Society 11 (1).
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