Trade-offs of ES
ES trade-offs arise from management choices made by humans. Such choices can change the type, magnitude, and relative mix of ES provided by an ecosystem. Trade-offs occur when the provision of one ES is reduced as a consequence of increased use of another ES. In some cases, a trade-off may be an explicit choice, in others, trade-offs arise unnoticed (Rodríguez et al. 2006) 1).